What to Know Before Donating to A Charity in Hawaii?

Hawaii (/həˈwaɪi/ hə-WY-ee; Hawaiian: Hawai'i [həˈvɐjʔi] or [həˈwɐjʔi]) is a state in the Western United States, located in the Pacific Ocean about 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from the Americas. It is the only U.S. state outside North America, the only state that is an archipelago, and the only state geographically in the tropics. Hawaii comprises nearly the entire Hawaiian archipelago, 137 1,500-mile (2,400 km) long volcanic islands that are physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania. Thus, the state's coastline is the fourth longest in the United States at approximately 750 miles (1,210 km). The eight major islands, from northwest to southeast, are Ni'ihau, Kaua'i, O'ahu, Moloka'i, Lāna'i, Kaho'olawe, Maui, and Hawai'i; the last of these islands, after which the state is named, is often referred to as the "Big Island" or "Hawaii Island". ' to avoid confusion with state or archipelago. The uninhabited islands of northwestern Hawaii make up most of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, the largest protected area in the United States and the fourth largest in the world. Of the 50 US states, Hawaii is the eighth smallest by area and the eleventh largest in the United States, but with 1.4 million people, it ranks 13th in population density. Two-thirds of the population lives in O'ahu, home to the state capital and largest city, Honolulu. Hawaii is one of the most diverse states in the country thanks to its central location on the Pacific Ocean and more than two centuries of migration. One of six major minority states, it has the only Asian-American plurality in the country, the largest Buddhist community, and the highest percentage of people of mixed races. As such, in addition to its native Hawaiian heritage, it is a unique melting pot of North American and East Asian cultures. Settled by the Polynesians between 1000 and 1200 AD. C., Hawaii was home to many independent chiefdoms. In 1778, British explorer James Cook was the first known non-Polynesian to reach the archipelago; The early British influence is reflected in the state flag, which features a British flag. An influx of European and American explorers, traders, and whalers soon arrived, leading to the decimation of the once-isolated indigenous community by the introduction of diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, smallpox, measles, leprosy, and fever typhoid. the population fell from 300,000 to one million to fewer than 40,000 in 1890. Hawaii became an internationally recognized unified kingdom in 1810 and remained independent until American and European businessmen overthrew the monarchy in 1893; This led to its annexation by the United States in 1898. As a strategically valuable American territory, Hawaii was attacked by Japan on December 7, 1941, giving it global and historical significance and contributing to the pivotal United States entry into World War II. world. Hawaii was the last state to join the Union on August 21, 1959. In 1993, the United States government officially apologized for its role in the overthrow of the Hawaiian government that fueled the Hawaiian sovereignty movement. Historically dominated by plantation economies, Hawaii remains a major agricultural exporter thanks to its fertile soil and tropical climate, unique in the United States. The economy has progressively diversified since the mid-20th century, with tourism and military defense becoming the two main sectors. The state attracts tourists, surfers, and scientists from all over the world with its diverse natural landscapes, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, marine environment, active volcanoes, and clear skies on the Big Island. Hawaii is home to the US Pacific Fleet, the largest naval command in the world, as well as 75,000 Department of Defense employees. Although Hawaii has one of the highest costs of living in the United States due to its relative isolation, it is the third wealthiest state.

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